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Prentices of St. Cuthbert's, Edinburgh, Scotland

Prentices of St. Cuthbert's, Edinburgh, Scotland
Fall 2001 and Revised 30 Dec 2005

We found the following Prentice families located within St. Cuthbert's Edinburgh, Scotland: Fn. 1 .

Family 1

1. John Prentise was b. c. 1640-57. He m. Janet Young and they had the following children shown in GRO records, all chr. at St. Cuthbert's Edinburgh:

  1. Alexander Prentise, chr. 19 Jan 1677. He is probably the Alexander Prentice who m. Ann/Anna Wallace and they had the following children shown in GRO records, all chr. at St. Cuthbert's Edinburg:
    1. Isobell Prentice, chr. 11 Jul 1700. She may be the Isabel Prentice who m. James Bowie on 22 May 1729 at St. Cuthberts.
    2. Jennet Prentice, chr. 5 Aug 1703. She is probably the Janet Prentice who m. Laurence PATERSON on 2 Dec 1720 at St. Cuthberts.
    3. Margaret Prentice, chr. 14 Jun 1706. She may be the Margaret PRENTICE who m. David Hutton on 11 Apr 1728 at St. Cuthberts.
  2. Hendrie Prentice, chr. 18 Dec 1679. He is probably the Henry Prentice who m. Janet Anderson (aka Jennet Henderson) 8 Jun 1701 at Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. Children shown in GRO records, all chr. at St. Cuthbert's Edinburgh:
    1. Marian Prentice, chr. 11 Dec 1701. She is probably the Marion Prentice who m. John MITCHELL on 31 May 1723 at St. Cuthberts.
    2. John Prentice, chr. 3 Feb 1704.
    3. Patrick Prentice, chr. 18 Oct 1711.
    4. Margaret Prentice, chr. 134 Nov 1714.
  3. Jean Prentise, chr. 22 Sep 1681. She is probably the Jean Prentice who m. William Ross on 28 Sep 1705 at St. Cuthberts.

Family 2

1. Ebenezer Lieutenant Prentice, perhaps b. c. 1780-90, m. Margaret Moth Collins. He may, or may not, be the the Ebenezer Prentice who appears in our Winter 2004 article as the son of John Prentice and Euphemia Scott. Childen:

  1. Caroline Montague Scott PRENTICE, chr. 1 Jun 1809 Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland. She m. Archibald Douglas on 9 Apr 1833, Saint Cuthberts.
  2. Thomas Collin Prentice, chr. 23 Jul 1802 Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland
  3. John Reid Prentice, b. 18 May 1804 Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland
  4. Helen Prentice, b. 21 Feb 1806 Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland

Family 3

1. Henry Prentice, b. c. 1757-67, perhaps at Carnwath, Lanark, Scotland. He m. m. Jean Nimmo 8 Jul 1786, St. Cuthberts. Children:

  1. Alexander Prentice, b. 16 May 1787 Carnwath.
  2. Margaret Prentice, chr. 21 Feb 1790, Carnwath. (may be duplicate)
  3. Margaret Prentice, b. 14 Feb 1791, Carnwath. (may be duplicate)
  4. Jean Prentice, b. 3 Feb 1792, Carnwath.
  5. Margaret Prentice, chr. 19 Feb 1792, Carnwath. (may be duplicate)

Family 4

1. William Prentice was b. c. 1750-60. He m. Katharine Yorston and they had the following children shown in GRO records, all chr. at St. Cuthbert's Edinburgh:

  1. Andrew Prentice, chr. 29 Jun 1778
  2. Robert Prentice, chr. 19 Apr 1780. He is probably the Robert Prentice who m. Katharine Marr and had:
    1. Archibald Prentice, chr. 25 May 1805. He may be the Archibald Prentice who m. Agnes Penny on 5 Nov 1827, St. Cuthberts. She was b. c. 1806 in Scotland. Children (per Ancestry.com):
      1. Thomas Prentice, b. 22 Aug 1828, North Leith, Midlothian, Scotland
      2. Alexander Prentice, b. 2 Jan 1831, North Leith, Midlothian, Scotland
      3. Agnes Prentice, b. 31 Jan 1833, North Leith, Midlothian, Scotland. North Leith lies on the northern edge of Edinburgh.
      4. Archibald Penny Prentice, b. c. 1835, Bonnington Road, North Leith, Midlothian,Scotland. He was a tailor at Orchard Field, Leith Walk, South Leith. He m. Mary Pirrie Doig on 3 Aug 1855 in Orchard Walk, South Leith. She was b. c. 1833-4, Lauriston, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. Her ancestry can be found at http://www.doig.net/JOHN1654.htm .Children:
        1. Margaret Darling Prentice b: 28 May 1857 in Leith, Midlothian, Scotland. Died infant.
        2. Margaret Darling Prentice b: 17 Jun 1858 in Leith, Midlothian, Scotland. She m. Mr. Wotherspoon.
        3. Agnes Penny Prentice b: 21 Jun 1860 in Leith, Midlothian, Scotland
        4. Wilhelminia Doig Prentice b: 2 Jun 1863 in Leith, Midlothian, Scotland
        5. Mary Agnes Prentice b: 6 Nov 1865 in Leith, Midlothian, Scotland
    2. Robert Prentice chr. 19 Jan 1810. He is probably the Robert Prentice who m. Ann Jack 15 Sep 1830, Saint Cuthberts, and had:
      • Catherine Prentice, b. 23 Jan 1833 Saint Cuthberts.
      • Isabella Wilson Prentice, b. 29 Dec 1830 Saint Cuthberts. She m. William Brown on 26 Dec 1853, Saint Cuthberts.
      • Catherine Williams Prentice, b. 13 Jul 1837 Saint Cuthberts.
    3. John Prentice, chr. 11 Sep 1812.
    4. Catharine Prentice, chr. 23 Feb 1818.

Family 5

1. Thomas Prentice was b. c. 1740-60. He m. Beatrix Bell on 3 Oct 1777 Saint Cuthberts and they had the following children shown in GRO records, all chr. at St. Cuthbert's Edinburgh:

  1. Jean Prentice, chr. 27 Mar 1779.

Family 6

1. James Prentice was b. c. 1745-65. He m. Marion/Marian Halliburton on 19 Nov 1783, Saint Cuthberts. Children shown in GRO records, all chr. at St. Cuthbert's Edinburgh:

  1. Elizabeth Prentice, chr. 10 Sep 1784.
  2. Elizabeth Prentice, chr. 26 Jan 1787.
  3. Hannah Prentice, chr. 31 Jan 1789.
  4. James Prentice, chr. 28 Jul 1791. He may be the James Prentice who m. Helen Thompson. Children per IGI:
    • Helen Samuel Prentice, b. 6 Dec 1821 Saint Cuthberts. She m. John Templeton on 14 Mar 1842, St. Cuthberts.
    • Marion Prentice, b. 22 Jun 1823 St. Cuthberts. She is probably the Marion Prentice who m. Adam McCall on 8 Oct 1847 at St. Cuthberts.
    • Catherine Prentice, b. 4 Dec 1824 St. Cuthberts.
    • George Prentice b. 18 Dec 1826 St. Cuthberts. He might be the father of James PRENTICE who was b. 19 Jul 1853, St. Cuthberts.
    • James Prentice, b. 19 Oct 1829 St. Cuthberts.
    • Blair Prentice, b. 12 Apr 1832 St. Cuthberts.
  5. Jean Prentice, chr. 17 Jun 1793.
  6. Mark Prentice, chr. 23 Jan 1795.
  7. Willhelmina Prentice, chr. 11 Aug 1797.

Family 7

1. Thomas Prentice was b. c. 1745-65. He m. Helen Kennedy on 15 Sep 1786, St. Cuthberts and they had the following children shown in GRO records, all chr. at St. Cuthbert's Edinburgh:

  1. Thomas Prentice, chr. 24 Feb 1791.
  2. John Prentice,chr. 21 Jan 1795.

Other Prentice Enties at St. Cuthberts, Edinburgh

Adam Prentice m. Isabella Anderson and had:
	- Elizabeth Prentice, b. 17 Mar 1848, St. Cuthberts.  She is probably 
	the Elizabeth Prentice who m. John Duncan on 20 May 1768, St. Cuthberts.

Agnus Prentice m. John ALEXANDER on 19 Jul 1773, Saint Cuthberts.

Agnes Prentice m. Gideon Hawick on 29 Ar 1816, St. Cuthberts.

Agnes PRENTICE m. Peter Banks on 2 Mar 1826, St. Cuthberts Blotter

Alexander PRENTICE m. Catherine Davidson on 8 Apr 1833, St. Cuthberts.

Alison PRENTICE m Andrew Fleming on 20 May 1816, St. Cuthberts.

Beatrice Bell PRENTICE m. Thomas Finlayson on 22 Apr 1847, St. Cuthberts.

Charles Douglas PRENTICE m. Augusta Elizabeth Boyle GLAS on 2 Apr 1838, St. Cuthberts.

Christina PRENTICE m. Alexander Morison on 5 Mar 1838, St. Cuthberts

George PRENTICE m. Catharine Murray on 30 Apr 1830, St. Cuthberts.  He might be the father of 

George PRENTICE m. Margaret Miller 8 Jun 1849, St. Cuthberts.  Daughter:
 	Helen PRENTICE, chr. 8 May 1850 Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland

Isobella PRENTICE m. William Marshall on 3 Jan 1816 at St. Cuthberts.

James Prentize was b. c. 1650-62. He m. Helen Jack on 30 Jun 1682 at Corstorphine, Midlothian, Scotland, which lies on the western edge of Edinburgh. He is likely a brother to Alexander Prentice who m. Margaret Stothard on 23 Nov 1693 at Corstorphine. James and Helen had the following children shown in GRO and IGI records:

  1. Margaret Prentice, chr. 27 Apr 1683, Corstorphine.
  2. George Prentice, chr. 2 May 1686, Corstorphine, Midlothian, Scotland. Corstorphine lies on the western outskirts of Edinburgh
  3. James Prentice, chr. 9 Jan 1690, St. Cuthberts, Edinburgh.
  4. Alexander Prentise, chr. 28 May 1693, S. Cuthberts, Edinburgh. He may be the Alexander Prentice who m. Agnes Gray on 2 Jun 1821, St. Cuthberts. The IGI does not show children for them.
James PRENTICE m. Janet CUNNINGHAM 1 Jul 1833, St. Cuthberts.

Janet PRENTICE m. Patrick Williams on 19 Feb 1854 at St. Cuthberts.

John PRENTICE m. Marion Calwells on 10 Jun 1708 at St. Cuthberts.

Joseph PRENTICE m. Jean Gow on 24 Jan 1826, St. Cuthberts.

Robert Prentice m. Mary Gilchrist and had:
	- Thomas PRENTICE, b. 30 Mar 1764, Edinburgh Parish
	- Margaret PRENTICE, b. 13 Oct 1767, St. Cuthberts.

Marion PRENTICE m. Alexander CAIRNS on 5 Jun 1730 at St. Cuthberts.

Mary PRENTICE m. Robert McPherson on 13 Jun 1851, St. Cuthberts.

Mary PRENTICE m. Hugh Thomson on 7 Apr 1854, St. Cuthberts.

Susanna PRENTICE m. Robert WHYTE on 8 Jul 1715, St. Cuthberts.

Thomas Prentice m. Mary Anderson 11 May 1803, St. Cuthberts

Thomas Prentice m. Agnes Laurie and had:
	- JEAN PRENTICE, b. 2 Mar 1753, St. Cuthberts.

Thomas PRENTICE m. Margaret Reid on 5 Mar 1774 at St. Cuthberts.

Thomas Prentice m. Janet SIMPSON on 24 Feb 1781, St. Cuthberts.

If you have any information about the folks mentioned in this article, please contact us at dewald@prenticenet.com and please include the title and date of this article.

Fn. 1:  A Short Biography of St. Cuthbert:

At A Glance:
Prior of Melrose Abbey
Prior of Lindisfarne Priory
Born 635; Died 20 March, 687
Feast Day: March 20
Symbol: the head of St. Oswald, which
Cuthbert carries in his hands

Although tradition says that Cuthbert was the son of an Irish king, it is most likely that he was born in the vicinity of Melrose, in present day Scotland, of poor parents. Certainly we know that he tended sheep on the hills above the abbey when he was older.

The young Cuthbert may have been influenced by the nearby monks of Melrose Abbey in his choice of vocation; when he was sixteen he received a vision of the soul of St. Aidan being carried to heaven by angels. This vision may have convinced him to enter holy orders at Melrose, but he did not rush to fulfill his calling.

Instead, Cuthbert spent several years as a soldier, probably in the service of the Kingdom of Northumbria against the attacks of King Penda of Mercia. After that conflict had ended, Cuthbert entered the monastery at Melrose, where his devotion earned him high praise. When the monastery at Ripon was founded, it was Cuthbert who acted as master.

These were years of conflict between the traditions of Celtic Christianity and those of Roman Catholicism. In 661 Ripon adopted the Roman approach, and Cuthbert and his followers returned to Melrose. In 664 Cuthbert became Prior of Melrose after the death of Biosil.

His reign as prior did not last long; in that same year of 664 the Synod of Whitby settled the ongoing dispute between Roman and Celtic Christianity in favour of the former. Cuthbert acquiesced with the Synod's decision, and adopted Roman rule. He was sent to the Priory of Lindisfarne to ease the transition to Roman tradition in that house.

Cuthbert was a perfect choice for such a sensitive role; his reputation for devotion and sanctity, and the fact that he himself had been raised in the Celtic tradition and now supported Roman rule made his gentle leadership ideal for the job at hand. He spent a great deal of his time at Lindisfarne evangelizing among the people of the area, and exercising the tact and patience for which he was renown to lead the conversion to Roman Christianity.

Cuthbert's time at Lindisfarne was short, however. He desired the peace of a life of contemplation, and in 676 the abbot granted him leave to retire to take up the simple life of a hermit. Just where Cuthbert chose for his retreat is uncertain. Some traditions say that the rocky islet of St. Cuthbert's Island, near Lindisfarne, was the spot. Other traditions place him in St. Cuthbert's Cave, near Howburn. In any case, he did not stay long, and soon moved to Farne Island, opposite Bamburgh.

After several years of austere life on Farne, Cuthbert was reluctantly persuaded to return to a more active role in the church, and became Bishop of Lindisfarne. His consecration was held at York on Easter, 685. He returned to Lindisfarne, but his time was short. By Christmas, 686 he felt his death approach, and Cuthbert resigned his see and returned to Farne Island. He died on March 20, 687.

But the story of Cuthbert does not end there. He was buried at Lindisfarne Priory, where his tomb quickly became a magnet for pilgrims. Miracles were reported at his grave; in fact, so numerous were the reported miracles that Cuthbert was called the "Wonder-worker of England".

In 875 the monks of Lindisfarne became alarmed by the threat of Danish invasion. They fled the island, taking with them their most precious possessions, including the relics of Saint Cuthbert. The monks of Lindisfarne wandered for a full seven years, lugging the saint's bones about with them, until in 883 they were given a church at Chester-le-Street, near Durham. Ironically, their benefactor was a Danish king who had converted to Christianity.

In the late 10th century a fresh Danish invasion threatened, so Cuthbert's bones were moved again, this time to Ripon, over 300 years after he had first come to the great Abbey as a master. After only a few months at Ripon, Cuthbert was once more carted off. The intention was to return the saint to Chester-le-Street, but on the way the bones lay at Durham, where apparently signs were shown indicating that this was the place the saint wished to be buried.

A series of churches were built to house the relics. The first stone church was built on the site of the present cathedral, and was consecrated in about 999. During William the Conqueror's "Harrying of the North (1069) the bones were moved to Lindisfarne for safety, but soon returned to Durham.

In 1104 they were finally moved to the new cathedral of Durham, where a suitable shrine had been prepared. During this final move the body was found to be incorrupt (i.e. perfectly preserved) as was the head of St. Oswald, which had been placed with Cuthbert's body for safety. It is from this point that the head of St. Oswald was adopted as the symbol of St. Cuthbert.

Throughout the Middle Ages the shrine of Cuthbert remained one of the most popular places of pilgrimage in the North of England. During the English Reformation the tomb of Cuthbert was plundered, but it seems that the monks had warning, and had hidden Cuthbert's body. In 1827 a secret tomb was found in the Cathedral. Was the body contained therein the body of St. Cuthbert. The question has never been adequately settled, though the bones are now displayed as authentic within the cathedral.

Saint Cuthbert is also associated with the Lindisfarne Gospels. This illuminated manuscript was produced by Eadfrid, Bishop of Lindisfarne, in the 8th century. It is without question one of the best surviving examples of traditional Celtic calligraphy and illustration. The gospel was placed by Eadfrid on the shrine of Cuthbert where it stayed until the monks fled the priory.

In a delightful tale, which ought to be true even if it is not, the gospel was lost overboard as the monks crossed the Irish Sea. As the monks despaired, a vision of Cuthbert appeared before them and told them where to find the book. It was found on the shore three days later, in the spot foretold by Cuthbert, intact save for some minor staining from the seawater. When the gospel (now in the British Museum) was later analyzed, it was found marked with stains that seem likely to be from salt water. So the romantic tale contains more than a bit of truth.

Reference: www.britainexpress.com/History/saxon/cuthbert

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